DANIEL’S SEVENTY WEEKS
Daniel 9:24 – “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.”
INTRODUCTION: Seventy weeks are determined-The Jews had Sabbatic years (Leviticus 25:8) by which their years were divided into weeks of years, as is the case in this important prophecy, each week containing seven years. So the seventy weeks spoken of here amount to four hundred and ninety years. (Leviticus 25:8 – And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years.) There are six specific events mentioned in Daniel 9:24 that are extremely consequential to the soon coming return of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, the Messiah.
1.) “To finish the transgression”, which has the meaning of to restrain, to forbid to keep back or to withhold. This has been affected by the preaching of the Gospel, and pouring out of the Holy Ghost among men.
2.) “To make an end of sins” the Hebrew word translated as this also has the meaning of “to make an end of sin-offerings;” which our Lord did when He offered His spotless soul and body on the cross once for all.
3.) “To make reconciliation for iniquity” this has the meaning of making atonement for sin. Which Christ did by once offering up of Himself for all sin for ever on the cross of Calvary. (Colossians 1:19-22 – For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:)
4.) “To bring in everlasting righteousness” that is, “the righteousness, or righteous ONE, of ages;” that person who had been the object of the faith of mankind, and the subject of the predictions of the prophets through all the ages of the world, in other words Jesus Christ.
5.) “To seal up the vision and prophecy” – to finish or complete it. To put an end to the necessity of any further revelations, by completing the canon of Scripture, and fulfilling the prophecies which related to His person, sacrifice, and the glory that should follow.
6.) And “to anoint the Most Holy” – to anoint the Holy of Holies, the Messiah. This is referring to the consecration and appointment of Christ to be the Prophet, Priest and King of all of mankind. (Revelation 1:5 – And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness (as Prophet), and the first begotten of the dead (as Priest), and the prince of the kings of the earth (as King). Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,) – note words in parenthesis not in Bible, but placed in this verse to explain each part.
Within the space of four hundred and ninety years, which are seventy weeks of years, or seventy times seven, the people of God shall have a double blessing bestowed upon them; that is, a free and gracious remission of sin, and everlasting righteousness by the crucifixion, death and shed blood of Christ the Savior, the Messiah; who will fulfill all those prophecies, which have been spoken about Him, and He will preach to the world the saving Gospel, which only is able to give them.
THE SEVENTY WEEKS – Daniel 9:24 says “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city,” The English word weeks is a translation of the Hebrew word “shabuwa” which means seven. So you could rephrase this to read “Seventy Sevens are determined upon thy people.” God has revealed through Daniel that He has determined a prophetic timetable of events. He has chosen to reveal this timetable to us through this revelation of Daniel.
This timetable encompasses a total of 490 years. The first segment of time mentioned covers 49 years, the second segment covers 434 years and the third and final segment of time covers 7 years. This passage of scripture is the indispensible chronological key to all of the prophetic scripture’s. This prophecy concerns both the beginning and the ending of the desolations of Jerusalem. From the Babylonian conquest to the “Abomination of Desolation”. This prophecy of Daniel’s provides a prophetic template for later prophecies in scripture. Such as the “Olivet Discourse” (Matthew 24, Mark 13 & Luke 21), Paul’s “day of the Lord” and Revelation chapters 6-19.
According to the Jewish calendar, the first 69 weeks, or 483 years began with the decree from Artaxerxes to rebuild the walls in Jerusalem in 444 B.C. (Nehemiah 2:1-8) and ended with the death of Christ in A.D. 33. Events in the 70th week or the last seven years mentioned describe the Tribulation time period. This last 7 years in this prophetic time line are referred to by many names in scripture: The Great Tribulation, The Day of the Lord, The Day of Wrath, The Day of Trouble, The Time of Jacob’s Trouble, and others; we usually refer to this time period as the Tribulation.
This passage also indicates the coming of a future Antichrist. He may well presently be in a position of power but people will not recognize him as the Antichrist until the Tribulation. (II Thessalonians 2:6-10 – And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.) The seventieth week accomplishes Israel’s restoration in the end time. So it follows the church age and does not start until after the rapture of the church. (Daniel 12:4 & 9 – But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased. And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.)